Foods that fight bone cancer – Bone cancer is a type of cancer that can occur in any bone. So, maintaining a healthy diet is one of the best ways to prepare for bone cancer treatment.
Bone cancer is a malignant (cancerous) tumour of the bone that destroys normal bone tissue. Not all bone tumours are malignant. In fact, benign (non-cancerous) bone tumours are more common than malignant ones. Both malignant and benign bone tumours may grow and compress healthy bone tissue, but benign tumours do not spread, do not destroy bone tissue, are rarely a threat to life.
Malignant tumours that begin in bone tissues are called primary bone cancer. Cancer that metastasizes (spreads) to the bones from other parts of the body, such as the breast, lung, or prostate is called metastatic cancer and is named for the organ or tissue in which it began. Primary bone cancer is far less common than cancer that spreads to the bones.
Cancer can begin in any type of bone tissue. Bones are made up of osteoid (hard or compact), cartilaginous (tough, flexible), and fibrous (threadlike) tissue, as well as elements of bone marrow (soft, spongy tissue in the centre of most bones).
Symptoms of bone cancer
The most common symptom of bone tumours is pain. In most cases, the symptoms become gradually more severe with time. Initially, the pain may only be present either at night or with activity. Depending on the growth of the tumour, those affected may have symptoms for weeks, months, or years before seeking medical advice.
In some cases, a mass of lump may be felt either on the bone or in the tissues surrounding the bone. This is most common with MFH or fibrosarcoma but can occur with other bone tumours.
The bones can become weakened by the tumour and lead to a fracture after a little or no trauma or just from standing on the affected bone. This can occur with both benign and malignant tumours. Even benign tumours can spread locally and weaken the surrounding bone. If the tumour compresses the surrounding nerve, it can cause pain, numbness, or be tingling in the extremities. If the surrounding blood vessels are compressed, it can affect the blood flow to the extremities.
Fever, chills, night sweats, and weight loss can occur but are less common. These symptoms are more common after spreading of tumours to other tissues in the body.
Causes of bone cancer
Bone cancer is caused by a problem with the cells that make bone. Bone tumours occur most commonly in children and adolescents and are less common in older adults. Cancer involving the bone in older adults is most commonly the result of metastatic spread from another tumour.
There are many different types of bone cancer. The most common primary bone tumours include osteosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, malignant fibrous, histiocytoma, fibrosarcoma, and chordoma.
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Foods that fight bone cancer
Foods to eat include:
- High-protein foods like milk products, eggs, fish, poultry, nuts, beans, and legumes
- High-calcium foods such as dark leafy greens, almonds, low-fat dairy products, and sardines
- Vitamin C foods such as citrus fruits, pineapple, mangoes, raspberries, tomatoes, broccoli, cauliflower
Foods to avoid include:
- Foods with low or empty calories
- Fatty acid foods
- High salty foods
- Nicotine and tobacco
- High intake of sugar
- Sodium nitrate-rich foods
- Foods low in antioxidants
- Foods that reduce appetite
- Fast food
While these foods that fight bone cancer help keep you healthy, it does not stop the need to see your doctor or health-care provider.