Food diet for GERD – this food diet for GERD will eliminate symptoms and help you recover quickly.
Gastro esophagal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease. GERD occurs when stomach acid or occasionally, stomach content flows back into your food pipe (esophagus). The backwash (reflux) irritates the lining of your esophagus and causes GERD. GERD affects people of all ages – from infants to older adults. People with asthma have a higher risk of developing GERD. Asthma flare-ups can cause the lower esophageal sphincter to relax, allowing stomach contents to flow back or reflux into the esophagus. Some asthma medications, especially theophylline may worsen reflux symptoms. Acid reflux can make asthma symptoms worse by irritating the airways and lungs, and this can lead to progressively more serious asthma. It is a long-term condition.
Many people, including pregnant women, suffer from heartburn or acid indigestion caused by GERD. Some doctors believe that a hiatal hernia causes GERD. A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach moves up into the chest through a small opening in the diaphragm (diaphragmatic hiatus). A hiatal hernia may allow stomach contents to reflux more easily into the esophagus.
Most people can manage the discomfort of GERD with lifestyle changes and over the counter medications. But some people with GERD may need stronger medications or even surgery to reduce symptoms.
Causes of GERD
GERD is caused by frequent acid reflux – the back up of stomach acid or bile into the esophagus. When you swallow, the lower esophageal sphincter – a circular band of muscle around the bottom of your esophageal – relaxes to allow food and liquid to flow down into your stomach. Then it closes again.
However, if this valve relaxes abnormally or weakens, stomach acid can flow back up into your esophagus, causing frequent heartburn. Sometimes this can disrupt your daily life. This constant backwash of acid can irritate the lining of your esophagus, causing it to become inflamed (esophagitis). Over time, the inflammation can wear away the esophageal lining, causing complications such as bleeding, esophageal narrowing, or Barrett’s esophagus (a precancerous condition).
Conditions that can increase your risk of having GERD include:
- Bulging of top of stomach up into the diaphragm (a hiatal hernia)
- Certain medicines such as medicine for asthma, calcium channel blockers – medicines that treat high blood pressure, painkillers, anti-depressant medicines, sedatives – medicines that help put you to sleep, anti-histamines – drugs that treat allergy symptoms
- Dry mouth
- Smoking or inhaling second-hand smoke
- Lying down after a meal
- Delayed stomach emptying
- Connective tissue disorders such as scleroderma
Symptoms of GERD
Signs and symptoms of GERD include
- A burning sensation in your chest (heartburn), sometimes spreading to your throat, along with a sour taste in your mouth.
- Chest pain
- Difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia)
- Dry cough
- Hoarseness or a sore throat
- Regurgitation of food or sour liquid (acid reflux)
- Sensation of lump in your throat
When to See a Doctor
Seek immediate medical attention if you experience chest pain, especially if you have other signs and symptoms such as shortness of breath or jaw, or arm pain. These may be signs and symptoms of heart attack.
Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience severe or frequent GERD symptoms. If you take over-the-counter medications for heartburn more than twice a week, see your doctor.
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Foods to Avoid
- High fatty foods
- Caffeinated drinks
- Carbonated beverages
- Citrus and tomato products
- Sour cream, milkshake, ice cream, and regular cottage cheese
- Macaroni and cheese, spaghetti, sauce
- Fruits, vegetables, and juices such as orange juice, lemon, lemonade, grapefruit juice, tomato, French fries, raw onion, potato salad, mashed potatoes, cranberry juice
- Meats such as ground beef, chicken/buffalo wings, marbled sirloin, and chicken nugget style
Food Diet for GERD
- Aloe Vera
- Baked, broiled, steamed, or grilled chicken and turkey (but not fried)
- Fish and seafood
- Roots and greens
- Couscous (semolina wheat) and brown rice
- Egg whites
While this food diet for GERD helps you get better, it does not stop the need for you to see your doctor.