Best Diet for Pneumonia Patients

The best diet for pneumonia patients – this contains best food diet for those suffering from pneumonia and other lungs problem, to help you get better.

Pneumonia is a serious inflammatory condition of the lungs. It an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs called the alveoli, may be filled with fluids or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. A variety of organisms including bacteria, viruses, and fungi can cause pneumonia.

Pneumonia can affect one or both lobes of the lungs. This correlates with the severity of the disease and it is also dependent on the cause of pneumonia. As these sacs (alveoli) are filled with pus and other fluids, it makes it difficult for oxygen to reach the blood and be transported everywhere in the body. At times, this condition can make a person very sick and even lead to death. Although the disease can occur in young and healthy people, it is most dangerous for older adults, babies, and people with chronic diseases or impaired immune systems.

Pneumonia can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening. it is most serious for infants and young children, people older than age 65, and people with health problems or weakened immune systems.

Symptoms of pneumonia

The signs and symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe, depending on factors such as the type of germ causing the infection, and your age and overall health. Mild signs and symptoms often are similar to those of a cold or flu, but they last longer.

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signs and symptoms include

  • fever, sweating and shaking chills
  • a cough which may produce phlegm
  • chest pain when you breathe or a cough
  • shortness of breath
  • fatigue
  • nausea, vomiting, or diarrhoea
  • headache
  • body and muscle pain

Newborns and infants may not show any sign of the infection. Or they may vomit, have a fever and cough, appear restless or tired and without energy, or have difficulty in breathing and eating.

People older than age 65 and people in poor health or with a weakened immune system may have a lower than normal body temperature. Older people who have pneumonia sometimes have sudden changes in mental awareness.

Best diet for pneumonia patients

Causes of pneumonia

Many germs can cause pneumonia. The most common are bacteria and viruses in the air we breathe. Your body usually prevents these germs from infecting your lungs. But sometimes, these germs can overpower your immune system, even if your health is generally good.

Pneumonia is classified according to the types of germs that cause it and where you got the infection

Community-acquired pneumonia

This is the most common type of pneumonia. It occurs outside of hospitals or other health care facilities. It may be caused by

  • Bacteria: the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is streptococcus pneumoniae. This type of pneumonia can occur on its own or after you’ve had a cold or flu. It may affect one part (lobe) of the lung, a condition called lobar pneumonia.
  • Bacteria-like organisms: Mycoplasma pneumoniae also can cause pneumonia. It typically produces milder symptoms than other types of pneumonia. Walking pneumonia, a term used to describe pneumonia that isn’t severe enough to require bed rest may be caused by M.pneumoniae.
  • Viruses: some of the viruses that cause cold and flu can cause pneumonia. Viruses are the most common cause of pneumonia in children younger than 5 years. Viral pneumonia is usually mild. But in some cases, it can become very serious.
  • Fungi: this type of pneumonia is most common in people with chronic health problems or weakened immune systems and in people who have inhaled large doses of the organisms. The fungi that cause it can be found in soil or bird droppings.
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Hospital-acquired pneumonia

Some people catch pneumonia during a hospital stay for another illness. This type of pneumonia can be serious because the bacteria causing it may be more resistant to antibiotics. People who are on breathing machines (ventilators), often used in intensive care units are at higher risk of this type of pneumonia.

Healthcare-acquired pneumonia

Healthcare-acquired pneumonia is a bacterial infection that occurs in people who are living in long-term care facilities or have been treated in outpatients clinic, including kidney dialysis centres. Like hospital-acquired pneumonia, healthcare-acquired pneumonia can be caused by bacteria that are more resistant to antibiotics.

Aspiration pneumonia

Aspiration pneumonia occurs when you inhale food, drink, vomit, or saliva into your lungs. Aspiration is more likely to occur if something disturbs your normal gag reflex such as a brain injury or swallowing problem, or excessive use of drugs and alcohol.

Risk factors

  • smoking
  • abuse of alcohol
  • medical conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema, asthma, or HIV/Aids
  • children younger than 1year of age or adults older than 65
  • weakened or impaired immune system
  • medication for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • people who recently recovered from a cold or influenza infection
  • malnourishment
  • exposure to certain chemicals or pollutants
  • being hospitalised in an intensive care unit
  • having an increased risk of breathing mucus or saliva from the nose or mouth, liquids or food from the stomach into the lungs

best diet for pneumonia patients

Best diet for pneumonia patients

  • include plenty of fruits and vegetables in your diet
  • protein rich foods like fish, beans, or lean meats such as chicken and turkey
  • fluids such as water, juice (including vegetable juice), broth, and weak tea; 6 to 10 cups per day
  • hearty whole grains
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Foods to avoid

  • alcohol
  • sugar and any sugar-rich foods
  • carbonated drinks
  • caffeinated drinks such as energy drinks and coffee

Best diet for pneumonia patients

While this best diet for pneumonia patients helps you recover quickly, it does not stop the need for you to see your doctor.

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