food diet for peptic ulcer patient

7 Food Diet For Patients With Stomach Ulcer, Duodenal Ulcer, and Esophageal Ulcer

Find some of the best food diet for peptic ulcer patient in this guide with what you should stop eating to relief the pain faster. Whether stomach (gastric) or mouth ulcer, these tips will help you fight the disease with right food recipes.

A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or oesophagus. An ulcer is a sore that form when the lining of the digestive system is worn away by acidic digestive juices. When a peptic ulcer affects the stomach it is called gastric ulcer, when it affects the duodenum it is called duodenal ulcer and when it affects the oesophagus it is called oesophagal ulcer. The word “peptic” means that the cause of the problem is due to acid. A peptic ulcer is a sore that occurs in the wall of the gastrointestinal tract. The mucous membrane lining the digestive tract erodes and causes a gradual breakdown of tissue. The breakdown causes a burning pain in the upper part of the belly (abdomen). Although most peptic ulcers are small, but they can cause a considerable amount of discomfort. Stomach ulcers (gastric ulcers) are rare in children and teenagers but they can occur at any age. Severe ulcers may cause bleeding in the stomach or duodenum (upper part of the small intestine). The bleeding can be fast or slow. Peptic ulcers are a recurrent problem. Each healed ulcers can recur unless treatment is directed at preventing recurrence.


Causes of Peptic Ulcers

Peptic ulcer is usually caused by either Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) bacteria or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

  • pylori: H. pylori bacteria are responsible for about 80 percent of all gastric ulcers (stomach ulcers) and 95 percent of all duodenal ulcers. These bacteria spread through food and water. H. pylori are very common affecting more than one billion people worldwide. These bacteria can cause inflammation of the stomach’s inner layer, producing an ulcer.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): are very common because many are available over the counter without prescription and therefore they are a very common cause of peptic ulcer. These are a group of medications typically used to treat pains such as headaches, period pains and other minor pains. Examples of these drugs include aspirin and ibuprofen. These drugs can affect the flow of blood to the stomach, reducing the body’s ability to repair cells. NSAIDs cause ulcers by interrupting the natural ability of the stomach and the duodenum to protect them from stomach acid. People who take these drugs for a long period of time and at high doses have a higher risk of developing ulcers.

Other causes include:

  • Genetics: people who have close relatives with ulcers have an increased risk of developing ulcers.
  • Alcohol: regular consumption of alcohol can increase your risk of developing ulcers.
  • Mental stress: mental stress has not been linked to the development of new peptic ulcers. But people with ulcers who experience sustained mental stress tend to have worse symptoms.
  • Caffeinated drinks such as coffee, chocolate, and soft drinks.
  • Radiation therapy: used for diseases such as cancer.
  • Smoking: regular smokers are more likely to develop peptic ulcers compared to non-smokers.

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Common Symptoms of Peptic Ulcers:

  • Pain from the belly button to the breast bone
  • Pain worsen during sleeping hours
  • More severe pain when the stomach is empty
  • Pain can be brief or last for hours
  • Pain temporarily relieved after eating certain foods

Other symptoms include:

  • Vomiting blood
  • Black and tarry stools, or stools with dark blood
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Difficulty in swallowing food
  • Food that is eaten comes back up
  • Weight loss
  • Not feeling well after eating
  • Anorexia (loss of appetite)

7 Recommended Food Diet For Peptic Ulcer Patient

Here, we have listed some of our recommended food diet for peptic ulcer patient

  • Fruits and vegetables such as apples, berries, red grapes, cabbage, carrots
  • Whole grains such as brown rice, oatmeal, whole wheat bread
  • Unripe green plantain or not over ripe plantain
  • Yoghurt
  • Choose lean meat such as skinless chicken and turkey
  • Fish and eggs
  • Beans and nuts

Foods to Avoid Include:

  • Acidic drinks such as coffee carbonated beverages and citrus juices
  • Citrus like orange, lemons, tomatoes, etc.
  • Spicy foods like hot peppers, garlic, ginger, salt, etc.
  • Fatty foods such as butter, deep fried foods, over processed foods, and a thick slab of meat.
  • Milk- it can cause acid production.
  • Alcohol- it irritates and erodes the lining of the stomach.
  • Smoking- promotes acid production and weakens the mucus lining.
  • Green and black tea

This food diet for peptic ulcer patient is not the only food guide you should rely on, talk to a qualified doctor for additional medical advice.

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