Food Diet For Pellagra: The list of food diets below helps you to get adequate niacin which will help in eliminating skin disease and other diseases caused by inadequate intake of vitamin B3 (niacin).
Pellagra is a vitamin deficiency disease most frequently caused by a chronic lack of niacin (vitamin B3), a B-complex vitamin, or the amino acid tryptophan, a precursor of niacin. Pellagra is a disease of the “four Ds” which are
- dermatitis- a scaly rash on skin exposed to light or trauma
- dementia- mental disorientation, delusions, and depression
Pellagra is a name that comes from the Italian “pelle”, skin+”agra”, rough which means rough skin. That is pellagra is a skin problem. Pellagra disease caused signs and symptoms manifest on skin, gastrointestinal system, mucous membranes, muscular and skeletal system, nervous system, and vascular and renal system. Pellagra that results from inadequate intake of niacin and/or tryptophan is most common in developing countries where there are poverty and poor nutrition. People at risk of this disease are those with a poor diet that is lacking in niacin and/or tryptophan. It can also result from a disease or condition that affects the absorption or processing of niacin in the body. Pellagra can also be a side effect of certain medications. This disease can be serious, even fatal if untreated. Complications include coma and death.
Niacin is a water-soluble vitamin that is not stored effectively in the body and requires a daily intake to maintain health. Niacin (Vit B3) is one of eight B vitamins. Like all B-vitamins, vitamin plays a role in converting carbohydrate into glucose, metabolizing fats and proteins, and keeping the nervous system working properly. Niacin also helps the body make sex and stress-related hormones and improves circulation and cholesterol levels. Tryptophan is one of the amino acids that makes up a protein. Your liver can convert tryptophan from high-protein foods like meats and milk into niacin.
Both alcoholism and not consuming enough green vegetables, seafood, meat, and eggs commonly cause primary pellagra (insufficient niacin). Secondary pellagra occurs when sufficient niacin is consumed but not taken up and used by the body. Secondary pellagra is often caused by gastrointestinal diseases that prevent absorption of niacin. Because tryptophan is needed to make niacin, low levels of tryptophan may also lead to pellagra.
Fortunately, pellagra can be treated with nutritional supplements to resolve deficiencies in niacin. Lifestyle changes can reduce your risk of pellagra and limit alcohol intake, eating a well-balanced diet, not smoking, and always taking your medications and supplements as prescribed.
Symptoms of pellagra
The most typical symptoms include diarrhea, dermatitis, and dementia.
- In addition to diarrhea, other symptoms include nausea, vomiting, and poor appetite. these symptoms occur in the gastrointestinal tract.
- In addition to dermatitis, other symptoms include red scaly rash, itching, burning of the skin, and development of thick cracked skin and lesions. These symptoms affect the skin.
- In addition to dementia, symptoms include confusion, headache, depression, disorientation, anxiety, tremors, These symptoms affect occur in the nervous system.
The list of signs and symptoms mentioned above include:
- skin inflammation
- weight loss
- memory loss
- nausea and vomiting
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Causes of pellagra
- dietary deficiency of vitamin B3 (niacin)
- hartnup’s disease
- carcinoid tumors and carcinoid syndrome
- chronic alcoholism
- prolonged diarrhea
- drugs such isoniazid, azathloprine
- liver cirrhosis
- gastrointestinal diseases such as ulcerative colitis
Food Diet For Pellagra
- soya beans/milk
- warm milk drink
- vegetables and fruits
- whole grains
- sweet potatoes
While this food diet for pellagra helps you eliminate the disease, it does not stop the need for you to see your doctor.