5 Food Diet Advice For Goitre Patients

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Find 5 food diet for goitre you should eat to help prevent the growth of the disease in your body; some of them are rich in iodine which is a natural remedy that reduces goitre.

Goitre is the enlargement of the thyroid which occurs when the thyroid gland is not functioning properly. It is commonly caused by the deficiency of iodine. Some people who have a goitre (but not all) do have an underactive or overactive thyroid. This means that they make too much or too little thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland is the lower part of the front of the neck. It lies just in front of the trachea. When the thyroid enlarges, it causes a swelling in the neck which you can see -a goitre. The thyroid gland makes thyroid hormones which are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones help to keep the body’s functions (metabolism) working at the correct pace.

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Causes of goitre

  • Goitre occurs when the thyroid gland produces either too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) or not enough thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism).
  • Goitre can occur if your diet includes too much goitre promoting foods such as soybeans, rutabagas, cabbage, peaches, peanuts, and spinach. These foods can suppress the manufacture of thyroid hormone by interfering  with your thyroid’s ability to process iodine.
  • The most common cause of goitre is lack of iodine in the diet
  • Nodules- benign lumps, single or multiple
  • Thyroiditis: inflammation of the thyroid gland caused by infection

Other risk  factors include:

  • Being female: this is because women are more prone to thyroid disorders.
  • Age: goitres are more common after the age of 40.
  • Medical history: a personal or family history of autoimmune disease increase your risk.
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty, or menopause.
  • Certain medications which include, heart drug amiodarone, and psychiatric drug lithium.
  • Radiation exposure: this includes radiation treatment to your neck or chest area.
  • Smoking: thiocyanate in tobacco smoke interferes with iodine absorption.

Signs and symptoms of goitre

  • Throat tightness, cough, and hoarseness.
  • Difficulty in swallowing (dysphagia)
  • Difficult breathing (possibly with high-pitch sound)

For hyperthyroidism:

  • Increased sweating
  • Fatigue
  • Heat hypersensitivity
  • Hair loss
  • Weight loss
  • Increased appetite

For hypothyroidism:

  • Cold intolerance
  • Constipation
  • Forgetfulness
  • Hair loss
  • Weight gain
  • Personality changes

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Foods to avoid

  • Cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, turnips, etc.
  • Soybeans and soybeans product.
  • Peaches, peanuts, spinach, strawberries, millet, and radishes.
  • Cassava, beans, maize, and bamboo shoot.
  • Caffeine
  • Gluten
  • Alcohol, smoking and carbonated drugs.

Food Diet For Goitre

  • Fresh fruits and vegetables like blueberries, cherries, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, and avocado.
  • Iodine and selenium foods such as iodized salt, seafood, milk, mushroom, shrimps, and tuna.
  • Seaweed
  • Foods that are high in vitamin B like dairy products, salmon, grapes, watermelon, and guavas.
  • Bananas which helps to stimulate the thyroid gland.

While these are the food diet for goitre growth you can eat now, it doesn’t replace the need to see a medical doctor for more advice.

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