Food diet for glaucoma – This food diet for glaucoma will help improve vision and help you stay healthy.
Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness among adults. It involves an increase in pressure in the eye, which distorts the shape of the eye, damaging the lens of the eye and resulting in blindness. Glaucoma is not just one eye disease, but a group of eye conditions resulting in optic nerve damage, which may cause loss of vision.
Glaucoma can damage your vision so gradually you may not notice any loss of vision until the disease is at an advanced stage. Early diagnosis and treatment can minimize or prevent optic nerve damage and limit glaucoma-related vision loss. It is important to get your eyes examined regularly and make sure your eye doctor measures your intraocular pressure (high pressure). An abnormal high pressure in the eye is due to the buildup of a fluid (aqueous humour) that flows throughout your eye. This fluid normally drains into the front of the eye (anterior chamber) through tissue (trabecular meshwork) at the angle where the iris and the cornea meet. When this fluid is overproduced or the drainage system doesn’t work properly, the fluid can’t flow out at its normal rate and pressure builds up. Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness within a few years. Most people with glaucoma have no early symptoms or pain. You need to see your optician regularly so he can diagnose and treat glaucoma before long term visual loss happens.
Food Diet for Glaucoma
Types of Glaucoma
- Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: in primary open-angle glaucoma, the drainage angle formed by the cornea and iris remains open, but the drainage channels (trabecular meshwork) in the angle are partially blocked, causing the fluid to drain out of the eye slowly. This causes fluid to back up in the eye and pressure gradually increases within your eye.
- Angle-Closure Glaucoma: angle-closure glaucoma, also called closed-angle glaucoma, occurs when the iris bulges forward to narrow or block the drainage angle formed by the cornea and the iris. As a result, fluid can’t adequately flow through and exit your eye, and your eye pressure may increase abruptly.
- Normal-Tension Glaucoma: in this type of glaucoma, your optic nerve becomes damaged even though your eye pressure is within the normal range. The exact reason for this is not known yet. This may be as a result of you having a sensitive nerve, or you may have less blood being supplied to your optic nerve. This limited blood flow could be caused by atherosclerosis – which is the buildup of fatty deposits (plaques) in the arteries or other conditions limiting your blood circulation.
- Pigmentary Glaucoma: this occurs when pigment granules from your iris build up in the drainage channels, slowing or blocking fluid exiting your eye. Activities such as jogging sometimes stir up the pigment granules, depositing them on the drainage channels (trabecular meshwork) and causing intermittent pressure elevations.
- Developmental Glaucoma or Glaucoma in Children: some infants or children may be diagnosed with glaucoma. Rarely, some children may be born with glaucoma (congenital glaucoma), develop glaucoma in the first few years of life (infantile glaucoma), or develop glaucoma after age 4 or 5 (juvenile glaucoma). Children usually won’t have any symptoms. However, they have optic nerve damage, which may be caused by angle blockages or malformations (primary infantile glaucoma), or it could develop as a result of other conditions (secondary glaucoma).
Causes of Glaucoma
For reasons that doctors don’t fully understand, increased pressure within the eye (intraocular pressure) is usually, but not always, associated with the optic nerve damage that characterizes glaucoma. This pressure is due to a buildup of a fluid (aqueous humor) that flows in and out of your eye. This fluid normally exits your eye through a drainage system at the angle where the iris and cornea meet. When the drainage system doesn’t work properly, the fluid can’t filter out of the eye at its normal rate, and pressure builds within the eye.
- Elevated internal eye pressure (intraocular pressure)
- Ethnic background
- Family history of glaucoma
- Medical conditions such as diabetes, heart diseases, high blood pressure, and hypothyroidism.
- Other eye conditions such as severe eye injuries, eye tumours, retinal detachment, eye inflammation and lens dislocation, and certain types of eye surgery.
- Long-term corticosteroid use, that is using corticosteroid medications, especially eye drops for a long period of time may increase your risk of developing secondary glaucoma.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
If you have any of the following symptoms, seek immediate medical care
- Vision loss
- Seeing halos around lights
- Redness in the eye
- Eyes that look hazy
- Nausea and vomiting
- Eye pain
- Narrowed vision
- Sudden vision disturbances
Food Diet for Glaucoma
- Fruits such as berries, citrus fruits, pawpaw, apricots, avocados
- Vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, leafy greens, carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, cucumber
- Wheat and grains
- Eat fish or nuts rich in omega-3 PFA
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Foods to Avoid
- Avoid high intake of salt
- Refrain from high-calorie diets (restricting fats)
- Avoid coffee and caffeinated beverages
- Avoid drinking large amounts of liquid in a single take. Drink small amount in the course of the day.
- Foods you are allergic to
While this food diet for glaucoma helps you get better, it does not stop the need for you to see your doctor