Diet for kidney disease – these are foods to improve your health and eliminate symptoms of the disease.
The kidneys are a pair of organs located toward your lower back. Each kidney is on each side of your spine. The kidneys play three major roles which include:
- they help to remove waste products from the body, keep toxins from building up in the body.
- helps in regulating the levels of minerals or electrolytes (such as sodium, potassium, and calcium) and fluid in the body.
- produces hormones that control other body functions, such as regulating blood pressure and producing red blood cells.
Kidney disease also called kidney failure, describes the gradual loss of kidney function. Your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then excreted in your urine. When kidney disease reaches an advanced stage, dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes, and wastes can build up in your body.
In the early stages of kidney disease, you may have few signs or symptoms. Kidney disease may not become apparent until your kidney function is significantly impaired. Your body becomes overloaded with toxins if your kidneys can’t do their regular job. This can lead to kidney failure and even be life-threatening if it’s left untreated.
Kidney disease can lead to end stage renal disease (ESRD), a condition in which the kidneys fail to work normally. Kidney disease usually does not cause pain, but in some cases pain may occur. A kidney stone in the ureter (a tube leading from the kidney to the bladder) can cause severe cramping pain that spreads from the lower back into the groin. The pain disappears once the stone has moved through the ureter.
Kidney disease can lead to both acute and chronic kidney failure, both of which can be life-threatening. Acute kidney failure happens suddenly within hours to days and can often be reversed if the underlying disease is treated. While chronic kidney failure happens gradually over a period of months to years. Chronic kidney failure eventually reaches an end stage. This condition occurs when the kidney is working at less than 10% of full capacity. At this stage, the person will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to be able to continue living.
Symptoms of kidney disease
Signs and symptoms of kidney disease develop over time if kidney damage progresses slowly. Signs and symptoms include:
- Loss of appetite
- Fatigue and weakness
- Sleep problems
- Changes in urine output
- Decreased mental sharpness
- Muscle twitches and cramps
- Swelling of feet and ankles
- Persistent itching
- Chest pain, if fluid builds up around the lining of the heart
- Shortness of breath, if fluid builds up in the lungs
- Hypertension that is difficult to control
Causes of kidney disease
- Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like Aleve or Motrin or other pain pills
- Tumours or cancers in the kidney
- Recurrent kidney infection also called pyelonephritis
- Polycystic kidney disease
- Inflammation of the kidney tubules known as interstitial nephritis
- Prolonged obstruction of the urinary tract, from conditions such as enlarged prostate, kidney stones
- Vesicoureteral reflux, a condition that causes urine to back up into your kidneys
- Glomerulonephritis, an inflammation of the kidney’s filtering units (glomeruli)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Family history of kidney disease
- Age 65 or older
- High cholesterol
- Heart disease
- Overuse of painkillers and allergic reactions to antibiotics
- X-ray Dye Tests
- Premature birth
- Trauma or accident
- Hepatitis C
- Sickle cell anaemia
Diet for kidney disease
- Red bell peppers
- Cranberries, blueberries, raspberries, and strawberries
- Red grapes
- Egg whites
- Olive oil
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Foods to avoid
- Processed meats
- Frozen foods, processed foods, or pre-made foods
- Cakes, pastries
- Canned fruits and vegetables
- Tomatoes, tomatoes juice, and tomatoes sauce
- Sweet potatoes
- Canned foods
- Butter and coconut
while this diet for kidney disease helps you get better, it does not stop the need for you to see your doctor.