Diet for endometriosis sufferers – this guide is for women who are suffering from this disease and who are also have low fertility. It will help improve your health and eliminate symptoms.
Endometriosis is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus – the endometrium – grows outside the uterus (endometrial implant). Endometriosis most commonly involves the ovaries, bowels, or the tissue lining the pelvis. Rarely, endometrial tissue may spread beyond your pelvic region. The endometrium normally responds to the sex hormones, oestrogen and progesterone. In women with endometriosis, the misplaced endometrial cells in the pelvic cavity also to these hormones.
During ovulation, the endometrium and the misplaced endometrial cells cannot leave the body via menstruation. They bleed, cause inflammation, and pain. Over time, this process can create scar tissue. It causes pain and cramping, which can sometimes be severe, especially during your period. It can even create problems when you want to have a baby.
In endometriosis, displaced endometrial tissue continues to act as it normally would, it thickens, break down, and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Because this displaced tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriomas may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually, be developing scar tissue and adhesions – abnormal tissue that binds organs together.
Diet for endometriosis sufferers
Symptoms of endometriosis
The primary symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain, often associated with your menstrual period. Common sign and symptoms include:
- Painful periods ( dysmenorrhea): pelvic pain and cramping may begin before and extend several days into your period and may include lower back and abdominal pain.
- Pain with bowel movements or urination: you are most likely to experience these symptoms during your period.
- Infertility: endometriosis is first diagnosed in some women who are seeking treatment for infertility.
- Pain with intercourse: pain during or after sex is common with endometriosis.
- Excessive bleeding: you may experience occasional heavy periods (menorrhagia) or bleeding between periods (menometrorrhagia).
- Other symptoms: you may also experience fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating, or nausea.
The severity of the pain isn’t necessarily a reliable indicator of the extent of the condition. Some women with mild endometriosis have extensive pain, while others with advanced endometriosis may have little pain or even no pain at all.
Endometriosis is sometimes mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. It may be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that causes bouts of diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal cramping. IBS can accompany endometriosis which can complicate the diagnosis.
Causes of endometriosis
Although the exact cause of endometriosis is not certain, several possible explanations include:
- Retrograde menstruation: this is also known as “backward menstruation”. This is the most likely explanation for endometriosis. In retrograde menstruation, menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back through the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic cavity instead of out of the body. These displaced endometrial cells stick to the pelvic walls and surfaces of the pelvic organs, where they grow and continue to thicken and bleed over the cause of each menstrual cycle.
- Embryonic cell growth: the cells lining the abdominal and pelvic cavities come from embryonic cells. When one or more areas of the abdominal lining turn into endometrial tissue, endometriosis can develop.
- Surgical scar implantation: after a surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section, endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision.
- Endometrial cells transplant: the blood vessels or tissue fluid (lymphatic) system may transport endometrial cells to other parts of the body.
- Immune system disorder: it’s possible that a problem with the immune system may make the body unable to recognise and destroy endometrial tissue that’s growing outside the uterus.
Several factors place you at greater risk of developing endometriosis, such as:
- Never giving birth or low fertility
- Family history of endometriosis
- Any medical condition that prevents the normal passage of menstrual flow out of the body
- History of pelvic infection
- Uterine abnormalities
Diet for endometriosis sufferers
- Dark green leafy vegetables
- Walnut oil
- Pumpkin seeds
- Whole grains
- Beans and peas
- Brown rice
- Vegetables and fruits
- Mustard seeds
- Olive oil
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Foods to avoid
- Trans fats
- Red meat
- Wheat flour foods such as white bread, pasta, pastry, cakes
- Processed foods which come with additives, preservatives, and chemical flavours
- Refined sugar and honey
- Refined and concentrated carbohydrates
- Tinned foods
- Soy and soy products
- Fried foods
- Dairy products
While this diet for endometriosis sufferers help you to get better, It does not stop the need for you to see your doctor.